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Many people choose to keep them as fun pets and ornamental additions to their flocks. Today, the breed is a triple-threat, providing quality meat, large eggs and beautiful feathers. They closely resemble the Mallard but are larger and easier to keep around. They are a perfect fit if you’re wanting to have a free ranging duck flock. Bonnett had two off-colored Khaki Campbells that she crossed. However, these are established fliers and may not stick around if their wings aren’t kept clipped. They can be used for meat but the primary reason for keeping them is for egg production. I have pekin and love their egg size. Males have beautiful green-black heads with buff, chestnut, gray, silver and brown bodies. Sep 19, 2014 #2 Amiga Overrun with Runners. The East Indies isn’t a reliable egg layer, with females only laying about 100 eggs per year, at most. In fact, many ducks can eat some of the large insects like grasshoppers, slugs and worms that chickens only wish they could eat. Golden 300s are perfect for breeding if you don’t mind a wide range of colors in your ducklings. The Magpie breed is named for its unique coloring. This time the breed survived, and, in 1984, it was imported to the United States by Holderread Waterfowl Farm and Preservation Center. They’re one of the most popular duck breeds, and are instantly recognizable because they’re white! They are unique because they have white skin and white feathers. The hybrid was developed in the mid 1990s as a breed that would produce more and larger eggs. The Swedish ducks today are used for both meat or eggs. If you have large livestock, you might be interested to know that there are reports of Muscovy ducks reducing the fly population in cattle pens by as much as 80%. If you’re looking for a dependable meat breed, the Aylesbury won’t disappoint. The eggs can vary in color and will either be white, green or blue tinted. Docile, friendly, calm and hardy. Please note, you should never release domestic ducks into the wild as Zoe explains in this article. They may not be the prettiest to look at, but they are very productive and a popular choice for backyard farms. The eggs are white or very light cream in color. The meat of Swedish ducks is very flavorful. This friendly duck has an orange beak and legs, and is an excellent producer of large, white eggs. Females are shades of brown with a blue patch on their wings. Females are quick to go broody and make wonderful mothers. The result was a dual-purpose breed that has beautiful coloring. The farmers kept herds of ducks that they would move into the rice paddies. While some multi-purpose duck breeds, such as the Pekin, mature quickly, top meat ducks should reach butcher weight in … Saxony ducks may not mature as quickly as some of the other meat or dual purpose breeds, but they make up for it with their other traits. The breed made its way to the U.S. in 1929 but didn’t really become popular until the 1970s. White with yellow feet and bill. Aylesbury ducks produce rich dark meat. Traditional breeds have a chest and tail that are fairly level. How Comfortable Are You with Duck & Goose Down Production? They are perfectly at home on both land and water. For more information about runner ducks, check out this video: With all of the options available, choosing the best breed of duck for you can seem a little daunting. Picture Right: A Crested duck, one of the more unusual pure breeds of duck. As well as these commercial ‘white ducks’ that can be seen on farms, there are many other regional ‘hybrid crosses’ that breeders have created for smallholders because of a demand for utility ducks – i.e. They will lay anywhere from 150-200 extra large eggs per year. In 1957 Germany made the effort to revive the breed and they were first imported to the United States in 1984. They are slower to mature but will reach weights of  nearly 8 pounds at maturity. Although all of the duck breeds can technically be raised for meat, some of the breeds are faster growers and produce more meat than other breeds. The meat of Rouen carcasses is much leaner than Pekins. The Saxony and Silver Appleyard produce a good sized carcass and are also decent layers, making them good dual purpose ducks. Eggs are usually white in color, although a rare blue tinted egg is laid. They are prolific egg layers and will lay as many as 290 eggs per year. They enjoy wandering around your farm or yard and eating bugs, just like chickens would. You’ll also want to consider how you plan on raising your ducks. These beautiful ducks are beetle green/black in color. The name is a corruption of ‘Musk Duck,’ from a supposed musky odour emitted by the drake. She crossed Rouens, Mallards and Runners to create a prolific egg layer that would have buff colored feathers. These classic ducks have been raised for centuries and are famously depicted in Jan Steen paintings. Another unique feature of the breed is the color of the egg. The Ancona is quite a rare breed of duck and thus not a lot are used for meat purposes these days. Their solid white bodies and yellow legs make them ideal candidates for past paintings and modern photography alike. Here’s a list of duck breeds with a link to a complete guide to each duck breed (although this list is still in progress and some breeds are missing). You have the traditional breeds, like the Mallard or Pekin that you probably picture when you think of ducks. The largest of the heavy breeds are the traditional English Aylesbury and the Rouen. It is usually only consumed as game after hunting for sport. It has also been known as the Brazilian duck. Males can reach 12 pounds in as little as 12 weeks. If you’re looking to raise ducks in a more urban area, you might want to avoid Swedish ducks since they need space and can be loud. Their cuts are also larger, providing heartier servings. Despite their smaller body size, they aren’t good flyers. Females rarely go broody, so if you want to raise ducklings from your Pekins, you may have to invest in an incubator. The ducks earned their stay by producing large amounts of eggs. For a fun read about Buff ducks, check out The Orpington Ducks: A Cautionary Tale. They thrive in hot and cold climates and are known for being very active foragers. Females have buff and white colored bodies with a small patch of blue on the wing. Females often have a little bit of white on them. Those not raised for show can usually breed naturally. A miniature duck breed is a breed that has a larger counterpart and has been bred to be a lot smaller. Are you planning on raising them for meat? What duck breed lays the biggest eggs? Pekins are large and can reach weights of up to twelve and a half pounds. These ducks are also grouped under the following:- Dabbling Ducks, Diving Ducks, Perching Ducks, Stiff-tail Ducks, Sea Ducks, Shelducks, and Whistling Ducks. The Saxony duck is a dual-purpose duck and is a large breed that were developed from a cross between the German Pekin, Blue Pomeranian and Rouen duck breeds. Runner ducks have been kept for thousands of years. Although all duck breeds will lay eggs that you can collect and eat, many runner breeds are kept for the prolific laying that they exhibit. One of the newest breeds of duck is the Welsh Harlequin. Similar to the Mallard, Rouen females are quick to go broody and make excellent mothers. You get the look of a Mallard, but in a breed that is much easier to keep. They don’t make good mothers and aren’t the best breed for foraging. Crested ducks are a popular breed that is raised for both meat and eggs. It is powerfully built with long wings and tail, and it flies well. Swedish ducks will  slowly mature anywhere from 5-8 pounds. Drakes usually weigh around 12 pounds, but some individuals can weigh as much as 15 pounds. The meat produced by Muscovy ducks is very lean and nearly fat-free. Silver Appleyard ducks resemble Mallards. Further creating confusion with duck species are domestic ducks raised for meat, eggs, or simply their exotic flair, though they are not considered independent duck species. There are other breeds of domestic duck standardised in other countries. Mallards prefer to live near water and are active foragers. This is due to the runner duck influence that was used to develop the breed. Northampton & District Poultry Club Spring Show 2016. the Australian Poultry Standards in Australia. The eggs are white or light blue in color. These ducks don’t do as well in confinement as some of the other breeds. Khaki Campbells are quick to go broody and make excellent mothers, making them ideal for breeders that want a sustainable flock. Although they are more horizontal than runners, some breeds and individuals can take on an upright stance, although it’s not going to be to the extent of runners. One of the major benefits of the Crested breed is the lack of the ability to fly. Pekin. Magpies have a high level of fertility, making them easy to breed future generations. The Brahma breed is very similar in size to the Jersey Giant. The Golden 300 will outlay the Khaki Campbell every time. ducks to produce eggs or meat for the table. This duck isn’t a true breed, but a common hybrid. The breed has a distinct face, with strange warty growths all over it. They are solid white and have perfectly orange feet and beaks. The males have an emerald green head with a chestnut colored neck and shoulders. However, they’re just a touch smaller. The eggs are white or blue tinted. They can become very tame and gently if handled frequently. Ducks are just as much fun. Mallards are a wild breed that is native to almost all countries in the Northern Hemisphere. You might easily mistake a Rouen for a Mallard, since the coloration is nearly identical. It’s not uncommon for Mallards to raise two broods of ducklings per year. Or do you want ducks that you can keep for pest control and eggs? Muscovy ducks are another wild breed that has some domestic populations in the U.S. and around the world now. These ducks have very little fat, but often taste greasy and very gamey. Besides my own photos, I have to give an extra special thank you to Rupert Stephenson, poultry photographer who has worked with me to capture some of the duck breeds pictures for this guide. Saxony duck—Large breed, great egg layers, calm temperament; Duck Breeds on Video! Most of the duck breeds originate in the wild duck, known by the name of Mallard (“Anas platyrhynchos”), whose domestication is believed to have originated over 2000 years ago. I run saxony cayuga ancona pekin and rouen now. The East Indies breed wasn’t developed in Asia, but here in the U.S.  It’s thought that the breed was named with a foreign name to make it easier to sell. Their population is … Muscovy ducks are a larger breed native to Mexico, Central & South America. It was originated in China and is now one of the most popular commercial duck breeds. Welsh Harlequins can be sexed once they hatch. Runners today are kept primarily as egg producers. The white feathers on the underside makes them easier to clean. Farminence was founded as a way to educate people that are interested in becoming more self-sufficient. Many imported breeds could fetch a higher price tag simply for being ‘foreign’ breeds. The breed was developed to be a white version of the popular Golden 300. The eggs are medium sized and white in color. Their large size allows them to consume large insects easily. ma ri ct nj de md hi me nh vt ny pa wv va nc sc ga fl al ms tn ky oh mi in wi il la ar mo ia mn nd sd ne ks ok tx nm co wy mt id ut az ca nv or wa ak Crested ducks have a puff of feathers on top of the head. Breeds of Domestic Ducks are classified in the UK by the British Waterfowl Standards published by the British Waterfowl Association. Since this breed is a wild breed, all domestically hatched Mallard ducklings must be identified by the U.S. Mallard duck is a wild duck that is farm-raised on a limited basis. The White Layer is (surprise!) Since this ‘breed’ is actually a hybrid, the ability to sex future ducklings does not breed true. You’ll also need to make sure that they are registered with the U.S. Pekins are easily kept in a free-range system. Drakes can weigh up to 12 lbs and ducks 9-11 lbs. The black Swedish will breed true, meaning if you cross a black Swedish with a black Swedish, all of the babies will be black. The pictures are useful for quickly identifying an unknown duck. The Runner duck was developed by rice farmers. The White Layer was developed in 1999. One is for show and the other is best suited for raising at home for meat. Besides the standardised, pure breeds, keep in mind that not all white ducks you see are Aylesbury’s, just as not every white goose is an Embden! He was from the Orpington area of Kent, England and the breed is often referred to as Buff Orpingtons. You could say the gadwall is the wood duck’s polar opposite: plain grey … Silver Appleyards are very hardy and adaptable. They’re very hardy and have been known to flourish in both tropical climates and extreme cold climates. Many breeders that raise Cayugas for meat solve this problem by skinning the bird rather than plucking it. The breed is predominantly white and has a dark blue/black patch of feathers on top of the head, on the wings and down the back. Choosing the right duck breed for your farm and family is important. Female Saxony will lay anywhere from 120-175 extra large, cream, white or blue-green eggs per year. Rouen ducks will mature between 7-10 pounds. They have a bolder flavor than the quintessential Pekin duck. This large duck breed has been domesticated for over 2000 years! Before the Pekin took over the meat duck market, Cayugas were the meat duck of choice in the Northeastern U.S. This is unusual and the only time that the APA uses a color as the name of the breed. The ‘wildfowl’ are medium to large birds with rather long or very long necks, mostly short, broad bills, short legs and the front three toes joined by webs. This video is an analysis of and information about the breed of duck known as the Muscovy. Classes of Duck. The breed is kept mainly as pets. Runner ducks are very active almost from the moment they hatch. Magpies carry themselves more upright than some other breeds. Mallards are commonly hunted in the U.S. as wild birds. Commercially, there are many crosses that have been created along the way because of the demand for fast growing, table ducks. The Cayuga breed produces a flavorful carcass. If you’re wanting ducks strictly for eggs, then you’ll want to look into the runner breeds since they can be more reliable layers. Pekin duck is an old dual purpose duck breed. This method of sexing can be 90% accurate if done quickly after hatching. It can fly at speeds up to 113 km/h (70 mph). Domestic Mallards will often migrate away during the winter and return in the spring. Buff ducks are a wonderful dual purpose bird. The ducklings can be any shade of black, yellow or brown and there isn’t a relationship between the color and sex of the offspring. The breed was developed in the late 1800s/early 1900s by Adele Campbell of Gloucestershire, England. The following organisations maintain these standards for domestic ducks: Images are Copyright  The smaller body size of Welsh Harlequins means that they can fly, if only for short distances. The breed is quite hardy and can flourish in a number of climates. Welsh Harlequin ducks are smaller in size and mature between 5-5.5 pounds. They do not need as much space and … We offer a wide selection of day old large duck breeds that we expertly package and safely ship to anywhere in the United States! In this guide, you will find images of every duck in the UK Standard with information and photos on an individual breed page. Originating in Beijing, China (originally called Pekin) around 2500 B.C., white Pekin ducks … Domestic Duck breeds are grouped into Heavy, Medium and Light weight classes in the standards. Anacona. They’re extremely docile and rarely fly. The breed is large. 10 Years. The exact origins of the Cayuga breed are debated. You may have guessed this already, but this breed is commonly kept for egg production. They are also decent egg layers. The eggs are shades of gray. 150-200 white eggs … Magpies cannot fly for long periods, but they are easily startled and will often leap into the air and fly for short distances. Golden 300s are smaller and mature between 4.5 to just under 6 pounds. Female Appleyards are arguably the best layers of the heavy weight breeds, with females laying as many as 270 extra large eggs each year. Copyright ©2020, Farminence. The famous poultry breeder, William Cook, developed the Buff breed. These chickens can… They are well-suited for both meat and egg production. If you like the way that the Cayuga breed looks but you want something smaller, there is a bantam breed, the East Indies, that looks very similar to the Cayuga. Some breeds are better suited to being raised in captivity than other breeds. Ducklings that have a lighter bill with a dark spot are usually female. Aylesbury, Blue Swedish, Cayuga, Rouen, Silver Appleyard, Saxony 'Heavy Ducks' are those which generally weigh over 7lbs in the female and 8lbs in the drake. The Mallard duck is smaller and tougher than the White Pekin. The Silver Appleyard breed is a heavyweight breed. Many breeders suggest that the Saxony is one of the most attractive and useful of the large duck breeds. Harlequin carcasses are coveted because they dress easily like a white colored bird, despite having darker feathers. The chest is white, the tail is dark and males have a large blue patch on the wings. All of the breeds can be used for amazing pest control, but Muscovys tend to take the cake. Drakes have a beautiful emerald green head with a fawn colored body. The Mallard may be one of the most readily recognized duck breeds on this list. Khaki Campbells are a popular breed that is well known for outstanding egg production. From heavy duck breeds like the Aylesbury or Rouen to the ‘bowling pin’ Indian Runner or the tiny but noisy little Call duck, there’s usually a breed of duck that will tickle your fancy! Runners on the other hand, stand very erect and upright. Many farmers that raise large livestock have reported fewer liver fluke problems in their livestock when they raise Magpies with their large livestock. Crested. For a long time, it was thought that blue colored ducks produced better tasting meat and were also harder for predators to see. They’re also a desirable meat breed since their pin feathers are easily plucked and don’t show up on the carcass. Runners mature at 3.5-4 pounds, making them very lightweight. Required fields are marked *. Their body is more horizontal than vertical. Females are various shades of buff-brown and drakes are various shades of black. Females will lay up to 180 large eggs each year. The Welsh Harlequin was developed in 1949 by Leslie Bonnett in Wales. Join the Farminence community to get exclusive tips and information that only the Farminence community receives. Sadly, these ducks have usually been dumped there and are therefore cross-breeding with other wild or domestic ducks visiting the pond. The Aylesbury duck is a breed of domesticated duck, bred mainly for its meat and appearance. Almost all duck breeds are descended from Mallards. Females are buff in color and have white facial stripes. Saxony ducks are large bodied and can mature to nearly 9 pounds. Most importantly, I would also like to thank the British Waterfowl Association and Poultry Club of Great Britain members for their support in allowing Rupert and I to photograph their ducks at various poultry and waterfowl shows over the years. They are one of the few duck breeds that are developed in the United States. The breed made its way to the U.S. in 1968. There are two types of Aylesbury. Buff or Orpington Duck. The body shape and stance of the duck is what determines whether it’s a runner breed or a traditional breed. Please do not use these images without permission. Buff ducks will weigh anywhere from 5-7 pounds at maturity. They’re known for being able to gobble up large insects and chase down annoying gnats and flies. The Mallard is a beautiful breed that many people enjoy raising because they are prolific and the drakes are beautiful. The eggs are white and can have a light green tint to them. Than the largest duck breed Crested, is one of the breed was developed the! Very little fat, but in a breed that is native to Central and South America in England limited... Duck standardised in other countries Rouen or a dull version of the harder breeds keep... Exact origins of the few duck breeds: the duck is a heritage breed that has some domestic in. Their pin feathers are easily plucked and don ’ t the breed developed! 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